Facts About Mexico
Mexico dates back thousands of years to 8000 B.C. where evidence shows the first attempts to grow vegetables. The development of agriculture was the foundation of many villages throughout Mexico and Central America. In the early 1500 B.C. the Olmec Indians occupied what is now known as Mexico followed by the Mayans, Zapotec and Totonac civilizations. In the early 1300’s the Aztec Indians migrated to the central valley of Mexico and conquered chief rivals in the region.
The first explorer to arrive on the shores of Mexico, Francisco Hernández de Córdoba arrived in the early 1500’s which eventually led to Spanish rule for nearly 300 years. Independence was gained after in 1821.
At nearly three times the size of Texas, Mexico’s massive land mass has a wide range of terrain ranging from expansive mountain ranges to desert to beautiful coastline. Latest population estimates indicate that over 120 million populate Mexico. Spanish is the primary language spoken with some inhabitants still communicating in the native Mayan and Nahuatl languages of their ancestors.
The economy of Mexico, in recent years, has moved towards manufacturing and has free trade agreements with over 50 countries. Manufacturing of such products as iron, steel, textiles and motor vehicles make up nearly 40% of the gross domestic product (GDP). The value of exports from Mexico ranked 17th in the world and transportation is facilitated by over 30 international airports, six major seaports and two oil terminals.
Tourist and second home destinations are varied and plentiful. Coastal resorts abound on the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and North Pacific Ocean. Activities include surfing, boating and golfing on the coast with many World Heritage Cities throughout the country to tour for their rich history and culture.
Mexico is home to many notable and successful musicians and actors including Carlos Santana, Paulina Rubio, Salma Hayek and Lupita Nyongo.