Living in Indonesia
Indonesia is made up of 17,000 islands extending 5,150 kilometers (3,200 miles) between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Indonesia is the world's fourth most populous nation, with a large portion of this based in Java, with some 130 million inhabitants (60 percent of the country's population) on an island the size of New York State. 86 percent of the over 221 million population is Muslim. Ethnically the country is highly diverse, with over 580 languages and dialects.
Despite the large population, Indonesia has large areas of wilderness that support the world's second highest level of biodiversity.
The climate of Indonesia is tropical. The temperature ranges from 24ºC and 28º C for most of the year. Strong winds called monsoons bring heavy rain in the wet season.
The nation's capital city is Jakarta which also happens to be the largest city of Indonesia with and estimated population of 23 million. The name Jakarta was given by the Japanese, who had occupied Indonesia during World War II.
Indonesia has a large number of mountains, many of them are active volcanoes. There are tropical rainforests and jungles, Indonesia's most fertile land is on the island of Java.
Indonesia is home to 35cm miniature deer, fish that climb trees to catch insects and spiders that catch and devour small birds in giant webs.