Welcome to Argentina
Argentina was first visited by Europeans in 1508 and later by Spanish explorers in 1516. As a result, Spain established a colony near what is now known as Buenos Aires in 1580 and integrated Argentina into The United Provinces of Rio de la Plata in 1776. The United Provinces of Rio de la Plata was comprised of Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay until 1816 when each country declared their independence.
Modern Argentina, influenced by contemporary techniques in agricultural and the introduction to the world economy resulted in the nation becoming one of the 10 wealthiest in the early 1900’s. Power has changed hands many times in Argentina between military and civilian administrations with the most notable leader, Juan Domingo Peron spearheading the growth of unions in the early 50’s. His wife, Eva Duarte de Peron, was instrumental in his successful rise to the presidency.
The expansive landmass including the largest flat grassland area in South America, offers Argentina tremendous agricultural opportunities. The growth and export of sunflower seeds, lemons and soybeans as well as other products has proven to be a foundation for the economy of Argentina. Argentina has over 1,000 airports and 36,000 KM of railways ranking sixth in the world in these categories. This transportation infrastructure, along with major seaports, expedites the movement of exports to their final destinations.
The population of Argentina at approximately 43 million primarily resides in urban areas. The native language is Spanish; however, many Argentines also speak a second language most commonly English, Italian or German. Buenos Aires, the capital of Argentina, is home to approximately 3 million inhabitants. Sometimes referred to as ‘the Paris of South America’, Buenos Aires is alive with dining, shopping and culture. Buenos Aires also hails as the inventor of the tango, a seductive dance created from a mix of cultures.
Argentina is home to many of the famous with the most notable being Pope Francis. Actors and sports stars from Argentina include Olivia Hussey, Mia Maestro and Manu Ginobili.